ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a common behavioral disorder found in children. However, adults may also suffer from this disorder. Those who suffer from ADHD, whether children or adult reacts without thinking about the consequences, hyperactive, and have trouble focusing. They understand of what is expected of them but lack of attention or focus lead them to deliver poor results. Most of the children behave in this manner at some point of time or situations, but those with ADHD continue to react similarly for long time and in different settings. The disorder affect the mental ability of the child and turns down his/her social and academic performance.
The condition can be stabilized with a proper treatment and children can manage their symptoms thereafter living a successful social and personal life.
Types of ADHD:
There are basically three types of ADHD defined based on symptoms that stand out the most. They are listed below:
1) Inattentive Type: Under this condition, children find it difficult to pay attention to details, difficulty following instructions, difficulty in organization, feeling distracted, avoiding tasks that require mental attention, etc.
2) Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: If a child is suffering from this disorder, s/he would be quite restless and impulsive. Hyperactivity is a common factor and due to this your child would never sit back peacefully and keep running here and there, jumping in and around, excess talking, etc. The affected child interrupt others and start talking at inappropriate times. Fidgeting or squirming is a common characteristic of children in this condition.
3) Combined Type: Under this condition, a child usually shows signs of both above types of ADHD and is quite common than above two.
It might be difficult to raise kids with ADHD but proper treatment and patience of parents would help them a lot.
Signs and symptoms of ADHD:
Well, the signs of all three types have been discussed above, but some common signs are:
- Child usually remains overactive and restless
- Inability to focus on studies and other tasks that require mental attention
- Seems uninterested in tasks that would be continued for long
- Excess talking and interrupting others
- Not seem to listen to anyone properly
- Unable to follow instructions
- Often confused and forgetting daily tasks
A combination of following signs in your child could be due to ADHD.
There is no known specific cause of ADHD but some factors that contribute to this disorder are:
- Heredity or family history of hyperactivity or other mental disorder. It has been believed that a combination of genes is the major factor of developing ADHD.
- Certain environmental factors may also result in ADHD.
- Social factors
There is no prescribed test to diagnose ADHD, for that psychiatric assessment is done by the pediatrician or physician to rule out other potential causes, physical examination, etc. The pediatrician conducts close examination to observe the behavioral changes and then suggest a treatment plan.
It can`t be cured, but the symptoms can be successfully managed through a treatment plan. Pediatricians or physicians generally help children to learn how to control their symptoms and live a successful and happy life. In most of the cases, the disorder is treated with a combination of medicines and behavioral therapy. Generally, doctors recommend a combination of stimulants, non-stimulants, and anti-depressants. The treatment usually carried out for long as it may take time to recover your child from that condition and it effectiveness of the treatment depends on how a patient will respond to it.
The condition of raising a child suffering from ADHD can be overwhelming but patience and effective treatment plan can certainly bring improvement in your child. Strictly follow what your physician has suggested and examine your child`s behavior closely and inform your doctor about them.