The intake of vitamins plays a vital role during pregnancy. Vitamin C should be taken by the pregnant women. Vitamin C helps in the absorption of iron.
About Intake of Vitamins:
Vitamin C also improves the immunity of the pregnant women . The citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C.
The pregnant women require 85 milligram of vitamin C every day.
Vitamin C also helps in the healing of the damaged tissues. Some of the sources of vitamin C are tomato, cabbage, papaya etc.
Vitamin B12 or cobalamine should be consumed by the pregnant women for the development of the nerve and the brain of the baby.
Intake of Vitamins and Pregnancy:
The folic acid helps in the formation of the red blood cells. The red blood cells help in the formation of hemoglobin. Folic acid is found in liver, spinach,grains etc. The pregnant woman should take .4 milligram of folic acid everyday.
Folic acid also plays a vital role in the formation of a genetic material called DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) that aids in the proper formation of the cells and the tissues.
Vitamin A should not be taken in excess because it damages the fetus of the pregnant woman.
Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine should be taken by the pregnant women.
The minerals should also be taken by the pregnant women. Calcium is one of the most important minerals that is required by the pregnant woman. Calcium helps in the formation of the bones and the teeth.
A lot of calcium is taken by the fetus for the development of the bones of the baby.
The fetus even derives calcium from the bones of the mother. The loss of calcium from the bones of the mother may cause osteoporosis. The intake of calcium during pregnancy prevents osteoporosis.
Intake of Vitamins during pregnancy:
Iron helps in the formation of the hemoglobin that transfer oxygen to various parts of the body through blood.
Iodine is another important mineral that is required by the pregnant woman. Iodine helps in the development of the brain and the spinal cord of the baby in the fetus.
Carbohydrates should also be consumed by the pregnant women. The energy is taken from the carbohydrates. The extraction of energy from the carbohydrates spares the fat and the protein for carrying out their respective functions.
The proteins are consumed by the pregnant women that help in the formation of the cells and the tissues of the baby.
The proteins also help in the prevention of low birth weight, pre-term delivery and intra-uterine growth retardation.
The diet of the pregnant woman should not focus on the intake of calories. The nutrient value of the diet of the pregnant woman is of supreme importance.
The requirement of the nutrient increases during pregnancy for providing nourishment to the fetus.
The nutrients are required for the mother as well as the baby during pregnancy.