Methods of Organic Farming
are resorted to in order to grow Organic Foods . By Organic Foods we mean the food s which are grown for consumption, however, without resorting to any method which will prove harmful for the environment. They work with a noble vision in mind. Therefore, they take recourse to the natural farm cycles. Even companies have joined hands with them to make organic foods available in the various super- markets and shopping malls. Methods of Organic Farming
are thereby, resorted to in oder to maintain the eco-logical balance and retention of the purity of the atmosphere. The growing of organic foods is carried out to see that the environment is interfered with in any way.
There are different aspects which are associated with the Methods of Organic Farming. One of the important Ways in which Organic Farming can be brought about is resorting to crop rotation. This technique is extremely popular with farmers who grow foods resorting to organic modes of production.
The major advantage of crop rotation is that it helps to renew the fertility and freshness of the soil. It is one of the most natural in ways in reviving the fertility of the soil. It is also one of the oldest as well as natural methods. The land is alternately left fallow and alternately taken up for cultivation. This helps the cultivable land to recover its capacities to nourish the plant. It is also known as crop -sequencing.
Crop- rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area successively. This helps to prevent the soil from getting infested with disease producing pathogen and pests. This can be effectively brought about if the land is alternatively cultivated with green manure variety of crops as well as cereals. Plants with deep and shallow roots are also grown in the rotational mode to prevent nutrient depletion from the soil.
Methods of Organic Farming thereby substitute chemically produced pesticides and fertilizer with natural modes of food cultivation. In doing so they try to discover and recognize the inherent growing capacities present in the soil. It is a method which tries to deeply discover and use all the potentialities present in the soil. The Method of Organic Farming also resorts to all the modes which help in increasing the fertility of the soil. This is by growing crops of the Green Manure variety. They are leguminous crops like lentils which help in maintaing the nitrogen balance. They are ploughed beneath the soil and then finally incorporated to the soil. Green Manure are types of cover crops. They help to improve and protect the soil. The root systems of some types of green manure grow deep in to the soil. This helps to pull up the nutrients found deep in the soil to the level of the plant crops with shallow roots. This too get the scope to be nourished.
Application of the organic substance compost with a little bit of treatment help to bind the soil. Compost also helps in reducing the organic wastes from entering landfills. They act as excellent soil- conditioners. Compost also helps in pathogen destruction and h4elps in bedding substitute as well.
Mulching too enhances the quality of the soil. These are the various ways in which organic farming can be brought about.