The West African country of Nigeria is known to have the biggest population in among the other African countries and despite Nigerias low degree of susceptibility to HIV/AIDS its high population census in 2005 reflected that approximately 2,900,000 people are having HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria is already known to have badly affected its society and economy at the same time and at its present scenario if this continues or worsens then the final consequences would be surely much more disastrous for the people in Nigeria. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria was first identified in the year 1986 and its prevalence increased at a rate of 1.8% in 1988 to 5.8% in 2001. In fact since 1991 the Federal Ministry of Health in Nigeria is known to have carried out a National HIV/syphilis sentinel seroprevalence survey on a basis of every 2 years and the 2003 estimation revealed that 57% of the women in the Nigerian population were suffering from HIV/AIDS in Nigeria.
Among the 36 Nigerian states 13 states are known to display a prevalence of AIDS more than 5% and claim of taking a shape of localized epidemics. Prevalence of AIDS in Nigeria is highest among the youths in 20 to 24 in comparison to any other age group and the STD/HIV control in Nigeria estimates that more than 60% of new HIV infections are prevalent in the 15 to 25 year aged people. By 2005, Nigeria reported 220,000 deaths due to AIDS and there are apparently 930,000 AIDS orphans in Nigeria. 90% of these children tend to contact AIDS from their mothers. Almost 80% HIV infection transmission in Nigeria happens through heterosexual contacts and the ignorance about the safety issues among Nigerias population and lesser use of condoms including more of STIs or sexually transmitted infections.
Blood transfusions are also equally responsible for spreading at least 10% of HIV infections. Nigeria being a comparatively backward country prevents discussing about sex and sexually transmitted diseases openly with the teens and thus aggravates the propensity of their contacting HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Unfortunately for the HIV/AIDS affected patients, they are meted out with discrimination and inhuman behavior and often lose their jobs and are also denied health care services only because others are ignorant about the medical technicalities involved with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Know more about HIV/AIDS in Nigeria as sitagita keeps you updated about the HIV/AIDS in the world.