India being one of t largest as well as the most populated countries in the world has more that one billion population. A considerable section of the population is supposed to have HIV/AIDS in India. According to some sources the recent number of people affected with HIV/AIDS in India amount to around 5.6 million.
The emergence of HIV/AIDS in India is relatively recent when compared with that in the other countries. But breaking out later did not restricted it from spreading is impact on the people of India. The infection started increasing from the 1990s and has now become a big threat to all the sectors of the Indian society. If early measures are not taken HIV/AIDS in India will soon take the shape of an epidemic.
At beginning of 1986 there was no reported cased of HIV/AIDS in India. But the concern about combating AIDS started from that time. It is then found that India do not have any scientific laboratory, research facilities, equipment and medical professionals who could deal with the forthcoming epidemic of AIDS.
There are also some social and cultural taboos that can add to the problem. Due to the cultural inhibitions people are not open to sexual discussions. There is also poor coordinations between the local health authorities and the communities. Apart from this there are problems of malnutrition, poverty and lack of knowledge among people make the situation worse. India being a country that is already suffering from poverty, illiteracy and health finding it difficult to cope with the spreading threat of HIV.
To combat with the Rising number of HIV and Aids cases in India the government of India set up NACO (National AIDS Control Organizations) in the year 1992. NACO oversees the formulation of policies, prevention and control programs relating to HIV/AIDS in India. The State AIDS bodies are also set up and later in the year 1998 it was found that no communities or segments of the society is out of the risk of HIV or AIDS. In the year 2000 the number of people affected with HIV or AIDS crossed the million mark.
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