The 26 states comprising Brazil tend to offer a vivid idea about the spread of HIV/AIDS and UNAIDS and the Brazilian Ministry of Health in the year 2002 recorded about 610,000 Brazilians having HIV/AIDS and adult HIV patients prevailed by 0.7% however HIV/AIDS in Brazil is not a reportable issue and moreover the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil appears to be stabilizing according to UNAIDS and all regions other than South Brazil has experienced a decrease in incidence of newly reported AIDS cases. For the last 5 years the incidence of AIDS has become stable at around 20,000 new cases per year throughout 2001. A professional check on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil depends more on mandatory AIDS case reporting, rather than the prevalence of HIV or incidence studies.
The MOH in Brazil is known to maintain AIDS case information in an electronic database (SINAN), thats annually updated; but nevertheless, dissemination of this information lags collection by almost 2 years and thus there are certain AIDS cases which have been diagnosed but not yet officially registered since February 1999. Few of the data from 1999 also suggest underreporting rates and SINAN reports that annual AIDS incidence peaked in 1998, with 25,742 cases being reported.
Mostly based on cases being reported the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil has made a move from the following parameters like from men to women, from homosexual acquisition to heterosexual acquisition, from socio-economically advantaged to less-advantaged groups, and, from the cities of the industrialized Southeast into other parts of the country to a lesser degree. Thanks to the availability of HAART, AIDS case reporting in the last 5 years indicates stabilization. The main sources causing HIV/AIDS in Brazil are drug, usage, heterosexual contacts and homosexual contacts as well. Know more about HIV/AIDS in Brazil as sitagita keeps you updated about the HIV/AIDS in the world.