AIDS or Acquired immunodeficiency disease is caused by Human Immunodeficiency disease called HIV. The first case of AIDS was discovered in 1985. Since then many scientists and researcher have conducted HIV/AIDS research to know about the disease and how to prevent it.
The first and foremost HIV/AIDS research is based on development of HIV/AIDS vaccines. The research is moving at a slow but continued pace. The road to an effective vaccine on HIV/AIDS is difficult but researchers and scientists are continuing their studies to find out an elusive HIV vaccine. The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report gives us information on HIV/AIDS in United States of America. The report include data by different states, case reports, metropolitan statistical area, case definition based on race, ethnicity, vital status, age group and sex. The report is published annually by the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention. The report shows that an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 persons are affected with HIV/AIDS in US with 24-27% are unaware or undiagnosed of their infection. HIV/AIDS Research in US shows that the highest rate of infected cases is from the age group 20 to 30.
HIV/AIDS Research shows 96% of the HIV/AIDS infected cases are from the developing countries mostly from sub-Saharan Africa. The countries of Sub-Saharan African countries are most affected to HIV/AIDS. Africa has an estimated population of 60 % HIV/AIDS infected. Almost 24.5 million people in Africa are infected with HIV/AIDS compared to 38.6 million worldwide. The death rates as in 2005 have been calculated to be 2 million in comparison to 2.8 million worldwide. ¾ of the affected are women and most of them have more than one partner.
HIV/AIDS Research shows that India is also heavily affected with HIV/AIDS, women being the worst affected because of their unequal status. Nearly 40% of the 5.2 million HIV/AIDS patient in Indian are women. Out of them almost 90%of women are thrown out of their houses even though 80%of them have got infected from their husbands and partners.
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HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report
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