Malignant hypertension is a complicated version of hypertension. The medical prognosis of Malignant Hypertension is done in a number of ways. One of the commonest symptoms of malignant hypertension is high blood pressure. The prognosis of Malignant Hypertension is also done by checking the damage of the eye organs, the brain, lungs and kidneys. The prognosis of Malignant Hypertension suggest it is does not share the exact complications of hypertension. When effective therapies were not discovered, life expectancy for the person suffering from was less than 2 years. Most of the deaths occurred due to stroke, kidney or heart failure. Today with the improvement in therapies, like dialysis, the survival chances for 1 year is more than 90% and for 5 years it is 80%.
The single biggest factor for prognosis is the function of kidneys. In more serious cases, the dysfunction of the kidneys can lead to malignant nephrosclerosis which can have dreadful consequences. Malignant hypertension is the disease that is defined with a very high blood pressure rate that is accompanied with swollen optic nerve at the back of eye, which is called papilledema. The disorder is seen in 1% of people suffering from high BP. This can affect both kids and adults. It is quite common in the young men of African American origin. Women suffering from toxemia of pregnancy, and people suffering from renal disorders or disorders related to collagen vascular tissue are also prone to this disorder.
This disorder is a medical emergency and needs immediate care and proper treatment. Many other body parts come at risk because of the elevated blood pressure. If proper timely treatment is done, malignant hypertension has fair chances of coming in control without any signs of any permanent complications. If it is not treated promptly, complications may be severe and life-threatening.