Back Pain Diagnosis: Since the causes of back pain may be quite complex, it often becomes very difficult to get an accurate diagnosis of back pain compared to other medical conditions. Though some spinal diagnosis are comparatively straightforward or are less complex, for many other conditions there is little agreement involved among spinal specialists about a diagnosis.
However, to get a correct diagnosis of back pain cause is quite critical as different diagnosis will necessitate different approaches of treatment. The sooner an accurate diagnosis of back pain is achieved, the sooner the patient can seek for an appropriate treatment to get relief from pain and rehabilitation.
Back pain not always is an indicator of any spinal problem. Very rarely back pain becomes an emergency or serious medical condition requiring immediate medical treatments. A thorough neurological and physical assessment or examination can reveal the cause/causes of the back pain. The examination of back pain starts with the patients medical history analysis and present condition.
The oral diagnosis techniques for back pain sometimes include many questions like from when did the pain start, what activities precedes the pain, and many other types. From this conversation the physician forms a clear idea about the type of the back pain and what treatments should be recommended. The examination process also includes observing the posture of the patient, the physical condition, and range of motion. Any type of movement that is causing pain is noted down. The physical feels the spines curvature, detect tender and muscle points, and check the vertebral alignment. The physician may also go for abdominal palpitation in order to determine whether the cause of low back pain is related to internal organs, like the pancreas.
Diagnostic studies for back pain are used for confirming an anatomical lesion as to what is the cause of back pain. These studies are especially useful for pinpointing the source and extent of the lesion that in turn assists in the process of diagnosis and development of an accurate treatment plan. Some of the most common diagnostic tests for back pain include: X-rays providing detail of the spinal bone structures for checking instability, fractures and tumors; CT scans for taking cross-sectional images of the spinal or whole body bone structure; MRI scans provide detail of the disc and nerve roots.
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